Sub-Saharan Migrant Integration in Morocco: Oujda as a Case study



This paper aims at investigating the extent to which sub-Saharan migrants’ integration can be established in the Moroccan context in general and in Oujda in particular. Moving beyond being a country of emigration to becoming a host country to migrants from different affiliations, and due to the increasing border control imposed by European Union, Morocco has become a hosting country mainly for sub-Saharan migrants who seek to refresh their social conditions. Hence, the emergence of economic and political ties between Morocco and some sub-Saharan countries becomes the core issue for politicians and economists. However, the total integration of these migrants must be at the head of political decisions because without it regional integration can never be fulfilled. In this regards, this article proposes to analyze sub-Saharan migrants’ integration in Oujda city by examining the extent to which they can reach a total integration in the Moroccan context. As a method of analysis, this article adopts unstructured interviews with 40 sub-Saharan migrants who come to Oujda either to study or to work.


Integration, Sub-Saharan Migrants, Regional Integration, Oujda, Morocco

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