Removal of Eriochrome Black T dye from aqueous solutions by using nano-crystalline calcium phosphate tricalcic apatitic

J. Kouar, T. Ould Bellahcen, A. Elamrani, A. Cherif, N. Kamil

Abstract


Calcium phosphate tricalcic apatitic (CaPT-Ap) was synthesized by co-precipitation at low temperature and basic medium. The potential of CaPT-Ap as an adsorbent was investigated in a batch reactor under different experimental conditions for removing dye Eriochrome Black T (EBT) from aqueous solutions. The used adsorbent was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and chemical analysis indicate that this calcium phosphate is a CaPT-Ap. The effect of particle sizes , mass of the adsorbent, contact time ,temperature and the concentration of the dye on the adsorption were determined. The kinetic study showed that the pseudo-second-order model gives a better description of the kinetics of the adsorption reaction than the pseudo-first-order model. Analysis of adsorption isotherms showed that adsorption governed by the isotherms of Freundlich. Thermodynamic parameters such as ΔG°, ΔS° and ΔH° were calculated. It was found that EBT dye adsorption was spontaneous and endothermic.


Keywords


Adsorption; kinetic; Isotherms; calcium phosphate tricalcic apatitic (CaPT-Ap); Eriochrome Black T (EBT); decolourization

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.48317/IMIST.PRSM/morjchem-v9i3.26577