Assessment of the Antifungal and Antioxidant Activities of the Seaweeds Collected from the Coast of Atlantic Ocean, Morocco

Nadia BAHAMMOU, Rathinam Raja, Isabel S. Carvalho, Khalil Cherifi, Hafida Bouamama, Ouafa Cherifi

Abstract


Totally seventeen seaweeds (nine Phaeophyceae, six Rhodophyceae and two Ulvophyceae members) were collected from the Atlantic coast of Morocco in order to assess their antifungal and antioxidant activities. The crude methanolic extracts of 30 samples were screened for in vitro antifungal activities against phytopathogenic fungi Botrytis cinerea and Penicillium digitatum that infect fruits and vegetables. The methanolic extracts of Carpodesmia tamariscifolia, Cystoseira humilis, Carpodesmia mediterranea, Sacchoriza polyschides, Bifurcaria bifurcata, Hypnea musciformis and Caulacanthus ustulatus were considerably active against all fungi depending on seasonal variations in the levels of inhibitory activity. B. cinerea was highly sensitive to most algal extracts than P. digitatum. Phytochemical screening revealed that the most active extracts contain alkaloids, polyphenols and tannins. The antioxidant activity of the algae that possessed high antifungal activity was studied. Methanolic extract of C. tamariscifolia contains high phenolic content while the highest content of flavonoids was found in the C. humilis extract. The organic farming in the context of sustainable agriculture may use such natural products for the management of fungal diseases. With respect to such alternative in an integrated crop disease management program, further studies on these seaweeds are needed.

Keywords


Biofungicide; Chlorophyceae; Methanolic extract; Phaeophyceae; Rhodophyceae

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.48317/IMIST.PRSM/morjchem-v9i3.25910