The morphophonology of Moroccan Arabic personal pronoun affixes

Auteurs-es

  • Houmman Hachoumi Mohammed V University in Rabat- FLHS

DOI :

https://doi.org/10.34874/PRSM.r2l-v28.44188

Mots-clés :

Moroccan Arabic, personal pronoun affixes, internal allomorphy, external allomorphy, Optimality Theory

Résumé

This paper deals with the morphophonology of Moroccan Arabic personal pronoun affixes, focusing on both their internal and external allomorphy. First, the internal allomorphy stems from four phonological processes: glide formation and vocalization, assimilation, or deletion, the first of which plays a fundamental role when theses affixes are aligned to the final weak verbs; the other three phonological processes are active when they are respectively affixed to the middle weak verbs, the initial or final alveolar verbs, and the verbs ending in the vowel [u]; deletion also has an essential role in the contexts of the personal pronoun affixes of the 2 SG F IPFV and 2 SG F IMP when they are attached to the verbs ending in the vowel [i]. Then, we consider their external allomorphy, which is due to phonotactics. Using Optimality Theory, the analysis stipulates that the optimality of the most harmonic allomorph is determined by simplex constraints and/or complex constraints, viz. local implicational constraints, the latter of which have a decisive role only when the personal pronoun affixes are attached the final alveolar verbs; the other ones are at work elsewhere, nevertheless.

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03-11-2023

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