LEPTOSPIROSIS BETWEEN THE PROPHET'S BIOGRAPHY AND SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Zakaria Mennane et al

Abstract


 Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease transmitted from animals to humans. Many animals lead to the infection such as: dogs, cattle, native animals, and pigs (both domestic and feral). But the main responsible is the rat. Humans act the disease by contact direct with infected animal urine or indirect by water contaminated with urine of infected animals. Eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water can also lead to the infection. People who have close contact with animals or who are exposed to water, mud, soil, or vegetation that has been contaminated with animal urine are always at high risk (for example: farmers, vets, abattoir workers, and sugar cane and banana farmers). Recreational activities in contaminated water or soil can also allow leptospirosis to be transmitted (for example: camping, gardening, and other water sports). Leptospirosis can be prevented by animal vaccination, cover cuts and abrasions with a waterproof dressing, wear protective clothing, do not eat or smoke while handling animals and shower after work and wash hands after handling potentially infected material and animals



Keywords


Leptospirosis, prevention, eating contaminated food, drinking contaminated water, animal vaccination

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