Spatial planning, a factor in economic and social development of Morocco, between colonial heritage and economic globalization



After the independence, Morocco has paid strong attention to economic and social development in the fight against territorial imbalance caused by the period of the protectorate. The choice of certain public policies and the lack of effective coordination between the various stakeholders have highlighted these territorial inequalities. This is due to spatial planning device for each epoch that rocked from a doctrine to another; the market economy has achieved protectionism, due to various historical and socio-economic uneven development. The mechanisms of decentralization and devolution have not really changed the state intervention methods nor helped to control inequality. Now the country is at a crossroads, registered a demographic, economic, social, political and territorial transition, to the extent that globalization and trade globalization requires it to put order in its territory strengthening the competitiveness of its cities and its regions. The reconstruction of the territory is subject to new logics, those of liberalism and globalization accompanied by an adequate model of territorial governance.


territorial development, regional policy territorial development, regional policy, land use, globalization, Development Territorial Durable, governance.

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