Pandémie COVID-19 et confinement : Quel impact sur les tentatives de suicide, troubles des conduites et violences dans la population pédiatrique ?

Linda Rachidi

Résumé


Les effets psychologiques de l’isolement ont déjà été décrits dans la littérature. Néanmoins, l’échelle du confinement mis en oeuvre à l’occasion de la pandémie à COVID-19 est inédite. L’objectif de cet article est de présenter les implications du confinement notamment les conduites suicidaires, les troubles des conduites, les violences chez les enfants et adolescents. Pour cela nous avons menéune étude au sein du service de pédopsychiatrie de Casablanca, auprès des enfants et adolescents qui se sont présentés à la consultation et ceux qui ont été hospitalisés comparant ainsi le taux de trouble des conduites, de violence et de tentative de suicide durant la période de pré-confinement, confinement et post-confinement. Les chiffres sont alarmants : en effet on retrouve une hausse considérable des cas de tentatives de suicide, des troubles des conduites et de violences en période de confinement mais la hausse a été encore plus importante à la période de dé-confinement.Une revue de littérature a été également réalisée sur la base de données PubMed et qui a permis de discuter nos résultats et de faire un état des lieux des recherches actuelles des trois motifs de consultation ou d’hospitalisations : tentatives de suicide, troubles des conduites et violence en population pédiatrique.


Mots-clés


Covid-19, enfants, tentatives de suicide, troubles de conduite, violence, santé mentale.

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