A psychosocial approach to the stereotypical perception of road safety instructors to female’s training access to the heavy truck driving

FATIMA ZAHRA SAHLI

Abstract


In Moroccan workplaces, females are considered as deficient human beings unable to practice a lot of professions which hinders them from having access to professional training. Female's deficiency is a stereotype developed to exclude women from having jobs in various domains. Among the jobs in which the percentage of female workers is really low in the domain of transportation with heavy vehicles. In this regard, this study aims to explore the perception of female's access to the truck driving training of heavy vehicles by the Moroccan road safety instructors. As an approach, we adopt a psychosocial approach to analyze the population's reaction to the subject of female access to professional training to have the driving license of C and the EC types. The method of gathering data is qualitative in that we design semi-directive interview conducted with six driving instructors of heavy vehicles in Rabat, Casablanca and Agadir. To analyze the data, we used content analysis. As a result, we find that there are different psychological reactions toward females' intent to become heavy truck drivers. Those psychological reactions stem from the prejudices developed against females 'capacity to do this work. Hence, we organized those prejudices into different sub-categories that reveal "obstacle-anger-aggression", the "contamination-disgust-rejection" and the "security-fear-escape", against female's access to the professional training of the heavy truck driving. Finally, we found that the representation of road safety instructors contains stereotypical perceptions about females' access to the professional training of heavy vehicles driving.


Keywords


Stereotypical perception, prejudices ; heavy truck driver; road safety instructors, professional training; gender

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