Nutritional status and associated factors in children under five in Senegal: an empirical analysis.

Authors

  • Rokhy POUYE Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar
  • Ndicak FALL

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.80481/revuetest38209

Keywords:

Nutritional status, children under five, Heckman, Senegal

Abstract

Senegal still has nutritional prevalence rates above World Health Organization (WHO) standards. In addition, malnutrition is well recognized in neonatal medicine and child health as a determining factor in child mortality despite efforts to reach global nutrition targets by 2025. Therefore, the main objective of this research is to analyze the drivers of child undernutrition in Senegal using the 2018 DHS Continuous database. Estimates are made through the two-stage Heckman model on a sample of 7368 children under five years old and their parents.

Results reveal that maternal factors, community factors, and individual factors are important determinants of infant undernutrition. Infants who received other milks before six months of age had height-for-age and weight-for-age Z-scores that deteriorated by 0.49 and 0.38 points, respectively, compared with infants exclusively breastfed.

To combat child undernutrition, keeping girls in school, promoting exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months, and introducing nutrition education programs should be priorities for the Senegalese government.

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Webography

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https://www.unicef.org/wca/fr/communiqu%C3%A9s-de-presse/afrique-de-louest-et-du-centre-plus-de-15-millions-de-cas-de-malnutrition#_ftn1

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Published

22-06-2023

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