Assessment of Sustainable Manufacturing in the Moroccan Automotive Industry Using an Integrated MCDM Approach



Environmental protection and energy safety are becoming increasingly associated with the overall performance indicators of the automotive industry. Recently, the sustainable manufacturing is heating the debate regarding the robust solutions that can ensure both economic growth and social prosperity while taking into account the emergence of the ecological concerns. The aim of the present paper is to propose a group of real-world indicators that facilitate the engagement of the sustainability at the business and social level in the automotive industry.  As an answer to this challenge, a need remains for developing a systematic approach to quantitevly answer the research questions. A combination of multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) methodology and sustainable indicators is proposed to evaluate the performance of a multinational firm localized in the North of Morocco. On one hand, the CRITIC technique (CRiteria Importance Through Intercriteria Correlation) is used to compute the weight of the criteria. On the other hand, the VIKOR (VIsekriterijumska optimizacija i KOmpromisno Resenje) technique is utilized to prioritize the manufacturing process in the last year. First, the study starts with appraising the previous methodologies employed in sustainable manufacturing. Then, an assessment of various indicators that impact on the decision-making process of sustainability engagement before and during the apparition of Covid-19 pandemic. The findings demonstrate that the proposed methodology is a crucial sustainable driver to ensure the triple bottom lines in the automotive industry.


Sustainable manufacturing; CRITIC; VIKOR; automotive industr; COVID-19.

Texte intégral :



S. Abdul Rashid, S. Evans, and Philip Longhurst, “A comparison of four sustainable manufacturing strategies” Int. J. of Sus. Eng, vol. 1 (3), pp. 214-29, 2008.

G. Yadav, S. Luthra, S. K. Jakhar, S. k. Mangla, and D.P. Rai, “A framework to overcome sustainable supply chain challenges through solution measures of industry 4.0 and circular economy; An automotive case” J. of Cle. Prod, vol. 254, pp. 1-15, 2012.

J. Malek a,d T. N. Desai, “A systematic literature review to map literature focus of sustainable manufacturing” J. of Cle. Prod, vol 256, pp. 1-20, 2020.

F. Chan, N. Li, S.H. Chung and M. Saadat, “Management of sustainable manufacturing systems-a review on mathematical problems” Int. J. Prod. Res, vol. 55, pp. 1148-63, 2017.

L. Cassettari, I. Bendato, M. Mosca and R. Mosca, “Energy resources intelligent management using on line reat-time simulation: a decision support tool for sustainable manufacturing” Appl. Energy, vol. 190, pp. 841-51. 2017.

B. Bonizella and A. Sagar, “Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and energy” Encycl. Energy, vol. 4, pp. 301-14. 2004.

B. Krahl-Urban, “Forest decline: Cause-effect research in the United States of North America and Federal Republic of Germany” Assessment group for biology, ecology and the energy of the Jûlich. 1988.

S. Wolff, M. Brönner, M. Held and M. Lienkamp, “Transforming automotive companies into sustainability leaders: A concept for managing current challenges” J. of Cle. Prod., vol. 276, 124179. 2020.

T. Dieguez, L. P. Ferreria, F. J. G. Silva and B. Tjahjono, “Open innovation and sustainable development through industry-academia collaboration: A case study of automotive sector” Procedia Manuf., vol. 51, pp 1773-78. 2020.

S. P. S. Rajput and S. Datta, “Sustainable and green manufacturing – A narrative literature review” Materials today: proceedings, vol 26 (2), pp. 2515-20. 2020.

H. Gunasekara, J. Gamage and H. Punchihewa, “Remanufacture for sustainability: Barriers and solutions to promote automotive remanufacturing” Procedia Manuf., vol. 43, pp. 606-13. 2020.

M. P. Timmer, E. Dietzenbacher, B. Los, R. Stehrer and G. J. de Vries, “An illustrated user guide to the world input-output database: The case of global automotive production” Rev. of Int. Economics, vol. 23 (3), pp. 575-605. 2015.

BCG, “The most innovative companies 2019: The rise of AI, platforms, and ecosystems” Boston Consulting Group. 2019.

T. Waas, J. Hugé, T. Block, T. Wright, F. Benitez-Capistros and A. Verbruggen, “Sustainability assessment and indicators: Tools in a decision-making strategy for sustainable development” Sustainability, vol. 6 (9), pp. 5512-34. 2014.

S. Seuring, “A review of medeling approaches for sustainable supply chain management” Decis. Support Syst., vol 54, pp. 1513-20. 2013.

C. B. Joung, J. Carrell, P. Sarkar and S. C. Feng, “Categorization of indicators for sustainable manufacturing” Ecological Indicators, vol. 24, pp. 148-57. 2013.

S. Ahmad, K. Y. Wong and S. Rajoo, “Sustainability indicators for manufacturing sectors: A literature survey and maturity analysis from the triple-bottom line perspective” J. of Manuf. Tech. Mgmt., vol. 30(2), pp. 312-34.

A. L. Dahl, “Achievements and gaps in indicators for sustainability” Ecological Indicators, vol. 17, pp. 14-19. 2012.

S. Ahmad and K. Y. Wong, “Sustainability assessment in the manufacturing industry: A review of recent studies” Bnechmarking: An Int. J., vol. 26 (4), pp. 3162-79. 2019.

A. Anand, D. D. W. Rufuss, V. Rajkumar and L. Suganthi, “Evaluation of sustainability indicators in smart cities for India using MCDM approach” Energy Procedia, vol. 141, pp. 211-15. 2017.

S. Agarwal, V. Agarwal and J. K. Dixit, “Green manufacturing: A MCDM approach” Materials today: proceedings, vol. 26 (2), pp. 2869-74. 2020.

H. Meyar-Naimi and S. Vaez-Zadeh, “Sustainability assessment of Iran power generation system using DSR-HNS framework” Second Iranian Conference in Renewable energy and Distributed Generation, pp. 98-103. 2012.

A. Mohammed, I. Harris and K. Govindan, “A hybrid MCDM-FMOO approach for sustainable supplier selection and order allocation” Int. J. of Prod. Economics, vol. 217, pp. 171-87. 2019.

E. K. Zavadskas, and Z. Turskis, “Multiple criteria decision making (MCDM) methods in economics: an overview” Technological and economic development of economy vol. 17.2 : pp 397-427. 2011.

A. Jahan, F. Mustapha, S. M. Sapuan, Md Y. Ismail and M. Bahraminasab, “A framework for weighting of criteria in ranking stage of material selection process” The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology vol. 58.1-4, pp. 411-420. 2012.

H. Kazan and Ö. Ozdemir, “Financial performance assessment of large scale conglomerates via TOPSIS and CRITIC methods” International Journal of Management and Sustainability vol. 3.4, pp, 203. 2014.

R. M., Milić, and Ž. Ž. Goran, “Subjective approach to the determination of criteria weights” Vojnotehnički glasnik vol 60.2, pp. 48-70. 2012.

S. Opricovic, and G-H. Tzeng, “Compromise solution by MCDM methods: A comparative analysis of VIKOR and TOPSIS” European journal of operational research vol. 156.2, pp, 445-455. 2004.

G-H. Tzeng, C-W. Lin and S. Opricovic, “Multi-criteria analysis of alternative-fuel buses for public transportation” Energy policy vol. 33.11, pp, 1373-1383. 2005.

J-J. Huang, G-H. Tzeng, and H-H Liu, “A revised VIKOR model for multiple criteria decision making-The perspective of regret theory” International Conference on Multiple Criteria Decision Making. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.


  • Il n'y a présentement aucun renvoi.