Identifying effluents from a food processing industry

Authors

  • I. Mehdaoui Laboratory of Electrochemistry, Modelisation and Environnment Engineering, Faculty of Sciences Dhar El Mahraz, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdallah University, Fez 30000, Morocco
  • S. Berrada Laboratory of Electrochemistry, Modelisation and Environnment Engineering, Faculty of Sciences Dhar El Mahraz, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdallah University, Fez 30000, Morocco Biotechnology, environment, agro-food and health Laboratory, Faculty of Science Dhar El Mahraz, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco
  • E. M. Saoudi Hassani Laboratory of Electrochemistry, Modelisation and Environnment Engineering, Faculty of Sciences Dhar El Mahraz, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdallah University, Fez 30000, Morocco
  • R. Mahmoud Laboratory of Electrochemistry, Modelisation and Environnment Engineering, Faculty of Sciences Dhar El Mahraz, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdallah University, Fez 30000, Morocco
  • Z. Majbar Laboratory of Electrochemistry, Modelisation and Environnment Engineering, Faculty of Sciences Dhar El Mahraz, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdallah University, Fez 30000, Morocco
  • A. Taleb Hassan II University of Casablanca, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques of Mohammedia, Morocco

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.48393/IMIST.PRSM/jases-v5i2.45575

Keywords:

Food industry, effluent, filtration, decantation, characteristics.

Abstract

The agri-food industry in Morocco generates significant volumes of liquid waste, contributing to environmental challenges that directly impact public health. To address this issue, it is crucial to characterize this wastewater comprehensively, enabling the development of suitable treatment strategies to alleviate pollution and potentially facilitate recycling. This study focuses on the identification of effluents from an olive and caper preservation industry, employing physicochemical and bacteriological analyses on raw, decanted, and filtered effluent samples. The findings reveal that the effluent from the olive and caper preservation industry is characterized by high acidity and an exceptionally elevated mineral load. Notably, the application of decantation and filtration methods demonstrates a limited influence, primarily affecting the reduction of suspended solids. Understanding these physicochemical and bacteriological characteristics is pivotal for devising targeted treatment protocols, ensuring effective pollution reduction, and exploring avenues for potential recycling of this agri-food industry wastewater. This research serves as a foundation for informed decision-making in the development of sustainable and efficient wastewater management practices, balancing environmental preservation with industrial needs.

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Published

05-01-2024

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Articles