The Evaluating the Multifaceted Bioactivity of Eichhornia crassipes: Exploring its Cytotoxic, Phytotoxic and Antimicrobial Properties


  • Fayaz Asad Department of Botany, Bacha Khan University Charsadda, Kp, Pakistan



The research aimed to investigate the cytotoxic properties of crude methanolic extracts from different parts of Eichhornia crassipes (root, leaves, and bulb) using a brine shrimp bioassay. The root and bulb extracts showed significant cytotoxicity at various concentrations, with LD50 values of 107.89 and 235.13, respectively. The leaf extract also exhibited considerable cytotoxicity, with an LD50 of 143.81. Further analysis using Lemna minor revealed no significant phytotoxic effects from the methanolic extracts of the leaf, root, and bulb, although all plant parts had relatively low effects at different concentrations. The study also explored the antibacterial efficacy of E. crassipes against Proteus spp, Staphylococcus aureus, Xanthomonas spp, and Clavibacter spp, with all plant parts demonstrating significant inhibitory effects. The ethanolic root extract (ERE) showed the highest inhibition zone against Clavibacter sp, Staphylococcus sp, and Proteus sp at 1000 ppm, while the ethanolic bulb extract (EBE) exhibited notable effects against Xanthomonas sp, Proteus, and Clavibacter at both 1000 ppm and 100 ppm. Similarly, the ethanolic leaf extract (ELE) displayed significant inhibitory effects against Xanthomonas sp, Clavibacter, and Proteus at both concentrations. Additionally, the antifungal potential of E. crassipes extracts against Aspergillus niger, Rhizopus sp, Alternaria solani, and Penicillium sp showed substantial inhibitory activity, particularly in the bulb extract. These findings emphasize the diverse bioactivity of E. crassipes and its potential applications in various fields.

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