A New Approach to the Collection and Spatial Analysis of Land Values in Lomé and Yaoundé

Armel Kemajou, Martí Bosch, Jérôme Chenal

Abstract


Understanding the land market is crucial when analyzing the spatial dynamics of cities. Spatial models, which are widely used to describe the growth of cities, are underdeveloped in Africa, due in part to the lack of urban data and/or the difficulty of collecting it. This paper presents a methodology for collecting analyzing land values in major sub-Saharan African cities. Through two case studies in the cities of Lomé and Yaoundé, it describes the implementation of such a methodology for collecting data on land prices and analyzing variations on an urban scale. It offers effective means of developing more accurate models for analyzing the dynamics of the land market.

Keywords


Land value; Spatial Models; Urban data; Lomé, Yaoundé

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aguejdad, R., Doukari, O., Houet, T., Avner, P., Viguié, V., 2016. Etalement urbain et géoprospective : apports et limites des modèles de spatialisation: Application aux modèles SLEUTH, LCM et NEDUM-2D. Cybergeo. https://doi.org/10.4000/cybergeo.27668

Alain Bertaud, 2015. Spatial Distribution of Land Prices & Densities : The Models Developed by Economists.

Asabere, P.K., 1981. The Determinants of Land Values in an African City: The Case of Accra, Ghana. Land Econ. 57, 385. https://doi.org/10.2307/3146019

Batty, M., Sik Kim, K., 1992. Form Follows Function: Reformulating Urban Population Density Functions. Urban Stud. 29, 1043–1069. https://doi.org/10.1080/00420989220081041

Bhatta, B., Saraswati, S., Bandyopadhyay, D., 2010. Urban sprawl measurement from remote sensing data. Appl. Geogr. 30, 731–740. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2010.02.002

Brueckner, J.K., Thisse, J.-F., Zenou, Y., 1999. Why is central Paris rich and downtown Detroit poor? Eur. Econ. Rev. 43, 91–107. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0014-2921(98)00019-1

Canel, P., Delis, P., Girard, C., 1990. Construire la ville africaine: chroniques du citadin promoteur. KARTHALA Editions.

Capozza, D.R., Helsley, R.W., 1989. The fundamentals of land prices and urban growth. J. Urban Econ. 26, 295–306. https://doi.org/10.1016/0094-1190(89)90003-X

Cavailhès, J., Hilal, M., Wavresky, P., 2011. L’influence urbaine sur le prix des terres agricoles et ses conséquences pour l’agriculture. Econ. Stat. 444, 99–125. https://doi.org/10.3406/estat.2011.9645

Chenal, J., 2015. Les villes africaines en quête de nouveaux modèles urbanistiques. Métropolitiques.

Colwell, P.F., Munneke, H.J., 1997. The Structure of Urban Land Prices. J. Urban Econ. 41, 321–336. https://doi.org/10.1006/juec.1996.2000

Durand-Lasserve, A., Le Roy, É., 2012. La situation foncière en Afrique à l’horizon 2050 (No. 11), À Savoir. Agence Française de Développement (AFD), Paris.

Fiawumor, S., 2016. Dynamiques résidentielles dans une ville ouest-africaine : déterminants du statut d’occupation du logement à Lomé (Togo) (Thèse de doctorat). Université de Montréal, Montréal.

Fox, L., Senbet, L.W., Simbanegavi, W., 2016. Youth Employment in Sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges, Constraints and Opportunities. J. Afr. Econ. 25, i3–i15. https://doi.org/10.1093/jae/ejv027

Fujita, M., 1976. Spatial patterns of urban growth: Optimum and market. J. Urban Econ. 3, 209–241. https://doi.org/10.1016/0094-1190(76)90041-3

Güneralp, B., Lwasa, S., Masundire, H., Parnell, S., Seto, K.C., 2017. Urbanization in Africa: challenges and opportunities for conservation. Environ. Res. Lett. 13, 015002. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aa94fe

Hannonen, M., 2008. Predicting Urban Land Prices: A Comparaison of four approaches. Int. J. Strateg. Prop. Manag. 12, 217–236. https://doi.org/10.3846/1648-715X.2008.12.217-236

Irwin, E.G., Bockstael, N.E., 2007. The evolution of urban sprawl: Evidence of spatial heterogeneity and increasing land fragmentation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 104, 20672–20677. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0705527105

Lall, S.V., Henderson, J.V., Venables, A.J., 2017. Africa’s cities: opening doors to the world. World Bank Group, S.l.

Lecat, G., 2004. En quoi le cadre de vie rural contribue-t-il à expliquer les prix fonciers dans les espaces périurbains ? Rev. DÉconomie Régionale Urbaine février, 29. https://doi.org/10.3917/reru.041.0029

Linard, C., Tatem, A.J., Gilbert, M., 2013. Modelling spatial patterns of urban growth in Africa. Appl. Geogr. 44, 23–32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2013.07.009

Lusugga Kironde, J.M., 2000. Understanding land markets in African urban areas: Habitat Int. 24, 151–165. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0197-3975(99)00035-1

Mawussi, A.C., 2018. Droit à la mobilité et accès aux ressources urbaines dans deux cantons périphériques du Grand Lomé (Legbassito et Sanguera): entre inégalité et injustice spatiale. Int. J. Spaces Urban Territ. 13.

Mfoulou Olugu, J.P., 2018. Etalement urbain, comportement de mobilité et fonctionnement de l’offre de transport à Yaoundé: Etalement urbain. Afr. Dev. Rev. 30, 304–315. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8268.12338

Mills, D.E., 1981. Growth, speculation and sprawl in a monocentric city. J. Urban Econ. 10, 201–226. https://doi.org/10.1016/0094-1190(81)90015-2

Mundia, C.N., Murayama, Y., 2010. Modeling Spatial Processes of Urban Growth in African Cities: A Case Study of Nairobi City. Urban Geogr. 31, 259–272. https://doi.org/10.2747/0272-3638.31.2.259

Napoléone, C., 2012. Prix fonciers, immobiliers et localisation des ménages au sein d’une agglomération urbaine. Ann. Rech. Urbaine 107, 18–27. https://doi.org/10.3406/aru.2012.2799

Ndock Ndock, G., 2013. Métropolisation de Yaoundé et développement des villes satellites. Cas de Soa (Doctorat/PhD en géographie). Université de Yaoundé 1, Yaoundé.

Nzau, B.M., 2003. Modelling the influence of urban sub-centers on spatial and temporal urban lan value patterns : Case study of Nairobi, Kenya (Master of Science). Internaional Institute of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation, Enschede, The Netherlands.

Olujimi, J., 2009. Evolving a Planning Strategy for Managing Urban Sprawl in Nigeria. J. Hum. Ecol. 25, 201–208. https://doi.org/10.1080/09709274.2009.11906156

Olvera, L.D., Plat, D., Pochet, P., 2003. Transportation conditions and access to services in a context of urban sprawl and deregulation. The case of Dar es Salaam. Transp. Policy, Transport and Social Exclusion 10, 287–298. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-070X(03)00056-8

Oueslati, W., Alvanides, S., Garrod, G., 2015. Determinants of urban sprawl in European cities. Urban Stud. 52, 1594–1614. https://doi.org/10.1177/0042098015577773

Page, J., Shimeles, A., 2015. Aid, Employment and Poverty Reduction in Africa: Aid, Employment and Poverty Reduction in Africa. Afr. Dev. Rev. 27, 17–30. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8268.12136

Philip M. Osano, Jane Turpie, Wilfried Thuiller, Matthieu Rouget, Andrew Balmfort, 2011. Estimating land prices and opportunity costs of conservation in a megadiversity country, African Technology Policy Studies Network working paper series. African Technology Policy Studies Network, Nairobi, Kenya.

Piermay, J.-L., 1993. Citadins et quête du sol dans les villes d’Afrique centrale, Collection “Villes et entreprises.” L’Harmattan, Paris.

Reis, J.P., Silva, E.A., Pinho, P., 2016. Spatial metrics to study urban patterns in growing and shrinking cities. Urban Geogr. 37, 246–271. https://doi.org/10.1080/02723638.2015.1096118

Renard, V., 1975. L’allocation des sols urbains Modèles et Réalités. Rev. Économique 26, 91. https://doi.org/10.2307/3500737

Sampathkumar, V., Santhi, M.H., Vanjinathan, J., 2015. Forecasting the Land Price Using Statistical and Neural Network Software. Procedia Comput. Sci. 57, 112–121. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2015.07.377

Sietchiping, R., Permezel, M.J., Ngomsi, C., 2012. Transport and mobility in sub-Saharan African cities: An overview of practices, lessons and options for improvements. Cities, Special Section: Urban Planning in Africa (pp. 155-191) 29, 183–189. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2011.11.005

Tewolde, M.G., Cabral, P., 2011. Urban Sprawl Analysis and Modeling in Asmara, Eritrea. Remote Sens. 3, 2148–2165. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs3102148




DOI: https://doi.org/10.48346/IMIST.PRSM/ajlp-gs.v3i3.20911