بركان جزيرة صقلية الشهير إطنا، في التراث العلمي العربي الإسلامي

Khallaf EL GHALBI

Abstract


The Sicilian famous volcano Etna, in the Arab-Islamic Scientific Heritage

In this paper, I have tried to show how present was the volcano phenomenon in the Arab-Islamic scientific heritage. I’ve limited myself to geographical sources, especially texts about the famous Sicilian volcano Etna. It is clear that the care of Muslim geographers and travelers, when dealing with famous and dangerous volcanoes in various regions of the world in that period was intensive. They accurately described phenomena that preceded or went with or followed many volcanic eruptions.

This heritage, had taken a large briefing knowledge that could have been collected in that era, to the extent that much of information, data, descriptions and even some interpretations, closely correspond to what is established in the modern volcanology.

So I can conclude that the Arab-Islamic scientific heritage represents a real basis and foundation for studying volcanoes; while the following contribution of Western civilization, represents an important and a significant jump, in the development of volcanology.



Keywords


Volcanoloy – Etna volcano – Arab-Muslim Science – Middle age

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