A Study of Self-Organization protocols in Wireless sensor Network

Adil Hilmani, Abderrahim Maizate

Résumé


In recent years, the use of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) has been widely deployed in various fields such as army, environment, health, surveillance and security ... etc. The latter are small sensor nodes that use limited energy resources and low communication and processing power to collect information in a given geographical area and transfer them to a node called sink. On this basis, several self-organization algorithms have been proposed to create different network architectures depending on the applications required in order to efficiently use the energy of these nodes to improve and increase the lifetime of the entire network and also to Minimize the energy consumption of these sensors. In this article, we will study and examine the various WSN-used self-organization algorithms, highlighting their principles, advantages and disadvantages in order to compare them using different metrics such as duration Network life, energy efficiency, complexity of the algorithm.

Mots-clés


Wireless sensor networks; Network architecture; Self-organization; Energy efficiency; Network lifetime

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