L’ENSEIGNEMENT DE L’ENTREPREUNARIAT : CLE POUR LA CREATION DE L’ENTREPRISE

Bahya IBN KHALDOUN

Résumé


Entrepreneurship is not an innate quality, but a discipline of spirit and action.(Michel Santi) [1]. Entrepreneurship is a new pedagogical concept, which is not an academic discipline like the United States, nor a subject, but an attitude (undertaking, grasping) consisting in promoting in different forms, notably in teaching, the approach Business creation. Faced with the increase in the unemployment rate in recent years and the difficulties experienced in accessing the labor market in many countries. It is thereforeunderstandable that the promotion of self-employment and small enterprise is the order of the day in virtually all countries, and that under these conditions youth employment is a real challenge.Young people, that is, under-25s (in some countries, less than 40 years old), account for up to 70% of the population of many developing countries, and almost The population in emerging countries. Hundreds of thousands of young people leave school each year to join the labor market, hoping to find gainful employment. The challenge for many countries is therefore not only to reduce existing unemployment and underemployment, but also to absorb new entrants into the labor market. In both cases, young people make up the majority of jobseekers. As a result, many Policymakers and civil society have recently focused on reorienting their country's education and training systems to prepare young people in school for a situation where formal wage employment may not exist. As a result, some countries have introduced programs to promote entrepreneurship within their education programs. They recognized its impact on their economic growth. However, the rate of start-up by young graduates remains low. The most recent research by the International Survey on Collegiate Entrepreneurship showed that less than 1% of young graduates of higher education establish a business. This problem is similar in several countries. Entrepreneurship is an economic and social phenomenon, an object of research and, more and more, an area of education and teaching. Entrepreneurship is now becoming a central educational theme shared by almost all Moroccan institutions. It is also worth noting how rapidly and increasingly the number of universities offering programs and courses in entrepreneurship throughout the world is growing. As for the promotion of the entrepreneurial spirit, the first question is whether entrepreneurship can be taught. Are they specific content or attitudes that promote creativity and initiative? Who can teach entrepreneurship and in what context? The objective of this contribution is certainly not to provide answers to open questions from the beginning of the discipline but to show that with method and rigor it is possible to make this concept, Forces in the service of a renewed and more mature education of entrepreneurship. This work is divided into two parts. The first one will teaching of entrepreneurship. In the second, we will discuss the objectives, content and methods of the courses and programs proposed by the ILO in this area.

Mots-clés


Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurial Education, CLE Program, The ILO, start-up

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